This article contains detailed description of scripting/automation functionality. You may want to see simplified guide to the functionality instead.
Using scripting interface directly is recommended for simple tasks not requiring any control structures. For complex tasks, using WinSCP .NET assembly is preferred.
For automation, commands can be read from a script file specified by
/script switch, passed from the command-line using the
/command switch, or read from standard input of
By default an interactive mode is used (the user is prompted in the same way as in GUI mode). To switch to batch mode (all prompts are automatically answered negatively) use the command
option batch abort. For batch mode it is recommended to turn off confirmations using
option confirm off to allow overwrites (otherwise the overwrite confirmation prompt would be answered negatively, making overwrites impossible). Since 5.6 beta, when running commands specified using
/command, batch mode is used implicitly and overwrite confirmations are turned off.
Multiple sessions can be opened simultaneously. Use the
session command to switch between them.
Note that the first connection to an SSH server requires verification of the host key. Also the first connection to FTPS or WebDAVS host with certificate signed by untrusted authority requires verification of the certificate.
WinSCP executables return exit code 1 when any command is interrupted due to an error or any prompt is answered Abort (even automatically in batch mode). Otherwise it returns the exit code 0.
To further analyze results of scripted operations, you will find XML logging useful.
All WinSCP commands have syntax:
command -switch -switch2 parameter1 parameter2 ... parametern
Command parameters that include space(s) have to be surrounded by double-quotes. To use double-quote literally, double it:
put "file with spaces and ""quotes"".html"
You can use environment variables in the commands, with syntax
Note that WinSCP treats filenames in case sensitive manner. So even if your server treats filenames in case insensitive manner, make sure you specify case properly2).
To insert comments into the script file, start the line with
# Connect to the server open mysession
The following commands are implemented.
To see help for the command, read respective documentation article below or type command
help <command> directly in console.
|call||Executes arbitrary remote shell command|
|cd||Changes remote working directory|
|chmod||Changes permissions of remote file|
|echo||Prints message onto script output|
|exit||Closes all sessions and terminates the program|
|get||Downloads file from remote directory to local directory|
|keepuptodate||Continuously reflects changes in local directory on remote one|
|lcd||Changes local working directory|
|lls||Lists the contents of local directory|
|ln||Creates remote symbolic link|
|lpwd||Prints local working directory|
|ls||Lists the contents of remote directory|
|mkdir||Creates remote directory|
|mv||Moves or renames remote file|
|open||Connects to server|
|option||Sets or shows value of script options|
|put||Uploads file from local directory to remote directory|
|pwd||Prints remote working directory|
|rm||Removes remote file|
|rmdir||Removes remote directory|
|session||Lists connected sessions or selects active session|
|stat||Retrieves attributes of remote file|
|synchronize||Synchronizes remote directory with local one|
winscp.com, the console interface tool.
You can find the key fingerprint on Server and Protocol Information Dialog. You can also copy the key fingerprint to clipboard from the confirmation prompt on the first (interactive) connection using Copy Key button. Learn more about obtaining host key fingerprint.
FTPS/WebDAVS TLS/SSL certificate signed by untrusted authority may also need to be verified. To automate the verification in script, use
-certificate switch of
open command to accept the expected certificate automatically.
If you are going to run the script under a different account (for example using the Windows scheduler), don’t forget that WinSCP still needs to access its configuration. Note that when using registry as configuration storage, the settings are accessible only for your Windows account, so in such a case you may need to either transfer the configuration from your account registry to the other account’s registry or use the INI file instead.
The advantage is that you can use graphical interface to configure options for which there are no script commands.
If you want to protect your script from such inadvertent change, you should isolate its configuration from graphical mode explicitly. To do that export your configuration to a separate INI file and reference it using
/ini= command-line parameter.
Also consider setting the INI file read-only, to prevent WinSCP writing to it, when exiting. Particularly, if you are running multiple scripts in parallel, to prevent different instances of WinSCP trying to write it at the same time.
An ideal situation is when you are able to configure all the options you need using script commands only (
option command, switches of other commands, session URL and raw site settings). Then you can force scripting mode to start with the default configuration using
/ini=nul, avoiding need for the INI file.
In the example below, WinSCP connects to
example.com server with account
user, downloads file and closes the session. Then it connects to the same server with the account
user2 and uploads the file back.
# Automatically abort script on errors option batch abort # Disable overwrite confirmations that conflict with the previous option confirm off # Connect open sftp://user:email@example.com/ -hostkey="ssh-rsa 2048 xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx" # Change remote directory cd /home/user # Force binary mode transfer option transfer binary # Download file to the local directory d:\ get examplefile.txt d:\ # Disconnect close # Connect as a different user open sftp://user2:firstname.lastname@example.org/ # Change the remote directory cd /home/user2 # Upload the file to current working directory put d:\examplefile.txt # Disconnect close # Exit WinSCP exit
Save the script to the file
example.txt. To execute the script file use the following command.
For simple scripts you can specify all the commands on command-line using
winscp.com /command "option batch abort" "open sftp://user:email@example.com/" "get examplefile.txt d:\" "exit"
When you find yourself limited by scripting capabilities, you may consider converting your script to code that uses WinSCP .NET assembly.
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