This guide contains simplified description of uploading and editing your website with WinSCP.
Managing website differs greatly with webhosting provider. This article just summarizes basics you need to know to edit pages on your website or to upload new pages.
- Before Starting
- Web Site Directory
- File Names
- Uploading Pages
- Editing Pages
- Creating Pages
- Further Reading
Before starting you should:
Once you are connected, make sure you are in the remote directory dedicated to store a web pages. It may be the one you get in after logging in (it is the case if you do not see any subdirectories after logging in). But with some providers you will have several subdirectories available, from which only one is visible on the Internet. Such subdirectory will have a name like
public_html or other.
All files you upload to this directory will be visible on the Internet. So for example if you upload your page
pictures.html into your web directory
htdocs and your site domain is
www.example.com, anyone will be able to see your page at address
By convention there is a single file that gets displayed if you do not specify any file in the address directly, i.e. frontpage. The name of the file is usually
index.htm (or different extension if you use some scripting language).
Before you start uploading/creating pages, make sure you use reasonable file names. It is strongly recommended not to use punctuation characters, spaces and some special characters in filenames to be published on Internet. Hence instead of
Mein Gästebuch.html, use
Also URL (web addresses) are case sensitive, which is different to how Windows treat filenames. So if you first test your pages locally on Windows and links stops working once you upload the pages, it is probably for inconsistencies in letter cases. For example you may have a link to
Mein_Gastebuch.html, but the file is actually named
mein_gastebuch.html. This is not the same on Internet.
You may start uploading by dragging your files to remote panel of WinSCP. You can drag the files either from local panel (if you are using Commander interface) or from Windows File Explorer.
If you do not need to maintain your files locally, you can edit them directly on the remote server.
If you want to create the new page, either create new file locally and upload it. Or use File(s) > New > File command.