Converting Script to Code Based on .NET Assembly

When you have your automation task implemented using WinSCP script, you may sooner or later find yourself limited by its capabilities. The scripting particularly lacks (by design) any support for control structures (like conditional processing, loops/cycles, etc.). A solution is to convert your script to code that uses WinSCP .NET assembly.


Choosing Language

Start by choosing a language. WinSCP .NET assembly can be used from any .NET language or any language that supports COM.

If you do not have your own preferred language, use PowerShell.

Mapping Script Commands to .NET Assembly Calls

Most script commands can be directly mapped to their equivalent .NET assembly method calls. The mapping is described in respective scripting command documentation page.

There are some conceptual differences though. These are discussed in following sections.

Batch Mode

Batch scripts (specified using /script or /command command-line switches) run in an option batch abort mode.

To emulate the option batch abort call a method OperationResultBase.Check for all Session methods that return an operation result (such as GetFiles, PutFiles, and SynchronizeDirectories).

If you are using option batch continue mode, handle Session.QueryReceived event and call QueryReceivedEventArgs.Continue in the handler. For an example, see Recursively download directory tree with custom error handling.

Read more about capturing errors in .NET assembly. Documentation for converting an individual scripting commands (such as get command mapping) details more mapping specifics for the respective operations.

Default Configuration

Scripting mode by default shares configuration with graphical mode. On the contrary the .NET assembly is isolated from graphical mode configuration (equivalent to using /ini=nul command-line parameter in scripting mode).


It means that you cannot use stored sites, when opening session with .NET assembly. You need to configure all your site settings directly in your code (using SessionOptions class).

It also means that with .NET assembly, you always start with default transfer settings, default resume/endurance settings, etc.

Relative/Absolute Paths

Scripting mode (similarly to graphical mode) has concept of current working directory (both on local and remote side). On the contrary, the .NET assembly does not; there are no equivalents to cd and lcd commands.

In the scripting you can use paths relative to current working directory in parameters to script commands. In the .NET assembly, you need to always use absolute paths or paths relative to initial working directory (for remote paths the initial directory is typically a home directory).

For example following script snippet:

cd /home/martinp
lcd d:\
get test.txt

needs to be converted to following call in PowerShell:

$session.GetFiles("/home/martinp/test.txt", "d:\")


Following script:

# Connect
open s -hostkey="ssh-rsa 2048 xxxxxxxxxxx..."
# Change remote directory
cd /home/user
# Force binary mode transfer
option transfer binary
# Download file to the local directory d:\
get examplefile.txt d:\
# Disconnect
# Exit WinSCP

maps to following PowerShell code:

    # Load WinSCP .NET assembly
    Add-Type -Path "WinSCPnet.dll"
    # Setup session options
    $sessionOptions = New-Object WinSCP.SessionOptions -Property @{
        Protocol = [WinSCP.Protocol]::Sftp
        HostName = ""
        UserName = "user"
        Password = "password"
        SshHostKeyFingerprint = "ssh-rsa 2048 xxxxxxxxxxx..."
    $session = New-Object WinSCP.Session
        # Connect
        # Force binary mode transfer
        $transferOptions = New-Object WinSCP.TransferOptions
        $transferOptions.TransferMode = [WinSCP.TransferMode]::Binary
        # Download file to the local directory d:\
        # Note use of absolute path
        $transferResult =
            $session.GetFiles("/home/user/examplefile.txt", "d:\", $False, $transferOptions)
        # Throw on any error to emulate the default "option batch abort"
        # Disconnect, clean up
    exit 0
    Write-Host "Error: $($_.Exception.Message)"
    exit 1


Last modified: by martin